In the past decade, people’s enthusiasm for 3D printing has increased a lot-but this fever pitch was beyond the technological innovations in the field of and level of development. That is, the degree of 3D technology development does not keep pace with expectations. How shall the breakthrough? Recently, the science and technology media, TechCrunch published an article, which made the analysis. As a 3D printing technology researcher, I have tried using a variety of mainstream and experimental methods to build 3D printer.
I learned from it is that most of these technologies are usually made of some common materials, software engineering problems – and mechanical systems engineer do for dozens of years.
So here’s the thing: why 3D printing has not been able to become more desirable ways of manufacturing? Why this technology’s failure rate is so high, and the regrowth is so difficult? Obviously, this is not because of special materials or predicament caused by the control is too sophisticated. Real control of 3D printing technology innovation is the way we view these technologies: think of it as a single part manufacturing, and systematic.
Ability to protect the various factors of production?
We might as well convert Visual 3D printing, use it as a system made up of parts. In this way, our understanding of its functions will change. Often, we will add a production system is divided into the following elements:
Design: refers to the user in the use of the feature will be designed to achieve something.
Hardware: real physical parts of the work.
Materials: including resin, metal, ceramic, plastic, or natural materials, through 3D printing technology, which will eventually turn into real products.
Software: is responsible for transforming design data into manufacturing data, including the installation of the software on the machine and the machine data transfer software.
Normally, this system is the most easily overlooked factor is that each field direct connection paths-fragments-to manufacture some parts of manufacturing, lack of overall efficiency. Old ways of thinking have restricted us truly realize the potential of 3D printing process. If we can get rid of the traditional way of thinking, perhaps you can print real d technology into practice.
We now print design revolves around the old technology. Up to now, all print things just in order to contribute to another object of design and manufacturing process, such as mold. 3D technology currently can achieve is to help people across the mold at this stage, directly into the manufacturing sector. But on the development of new design tools to improve engineering predecessors have made a lot of efforts and attempts, and began development of stereo manufacturing makes 3D printing technology until now is still like a vintage production of substitutes.
We also are building rapid prototyping machines. Current machines are the experts, not expertise. As a rapid prototyping machine, they rank lowest in the manufacturing engineering to complete all kinds of common parts. The result is that these machines can do a lot of things, but rarely do well. We must reconsider the design of these printers the purpose of clear production of these technologies can solve life’s problems. Is built around a real problem that we need to build a 3D printer, rather than a machine out of thin air and then seeking a suitable problem to solve.
Hardware problems and software problems. Apart from the real-life application, we need to get these machines to be able to use the software. In other words, we need “smart” 3D printer, it has a large number of monitoring sensors and access to the Internet, for monitoring and real-time analysis. For example Autodesk open source 3D printer Ember, when you configure a sensor to help in the operation of the machine easily recover from failures, improves the reliability of print, and to echo project progress reports in real time.
Materials: composite and meso-structure
Perhaps one of the greatest ability in the 3D printing is a low-cost composite of many materials. Bind some property of the material, which we call “material”, such as wood and paper, they essentially belong to the wood fiber. Really let them form the difference is the organizational structure of the fiber.
3D print the common goal is to achieve from a machine to print out a variety of composites, a one-time multiple manufacturing property for the project. However, the micro-structure of materials technology allows us to get more use of single material value. Compared to not like to rely on the performance of different materials, designers can use the technology of micro-structure of materials to create a performance that has all the necessary characteristics of objects, it only takes one machine and one of the ingredients (change the underlying cost structure).
In this way, materials synthesis, 3D prints will be more flexible and effective. This is d print new areas for development in the future.
In General, 3D printing has gone through 25 years, in retrospect, we still made a lot of progress, but we can also liberate thinking innovation, promotes the development of 3D printing to achieve quality. We cannot be satisfied with the use of a machine to produce a composite material that is a great use of 3D printing under this restriction never has made a great breakthrough. Moreover, in addition to material innovation, Internet connections and intelligent but also the general trend. At present, restrict the development of industries are not the core technology, but must be held by the people.